Ivan Jerdev, originally from Krasnodar, Russia, set up an adoption facilitation service in Napa California. Originally just Russia, then later Ukraine and Kazakhstan children. Guatemala adoptions started with ultrasound pictures. Allegedly was beginning to work with Mai-Ly Latrace
for Vietnam adoption prior to closure. Vladimir Jerdev worked in Krasnodar.
Yunona used photo-listings, which was generally contrary to Russian,Ukrainian, and Kazakhstan laws. Many times children promised where suddenly no longer available after fees were paid, or when the family arrived in country.