Padam Bahadur Shahi was struggling to take care of his three children when his wife fell ill. A friend suggested that he send his oldest son to the Tuguda Balbalika Udaya Kendra in Kathmandu to be looked after.Later Shahi found out his son, Kobi Raj Shahi (aka Kaviraj Shahi), was adopted in Spain. Shahi says he never agreed to put Kobi Raj up for adoption, but the paperwork is all in order. Under Nepali law, there is no way to reverse such an adoption.
This case came to the light when Nepal was being investigated for child trafficking. It closed its borders in May 2007, but reopened December 2008.