Pound Pup Legacy Feed

Child Welfare Reforms Threatened By International Adoption Lobby

from: childrights.ro

Rupert Wolfe Murray, Cotidianul, Dec 2005

The child welfare system has been fundamentally reformed over the last 10 years and it is well known that the number of children in institutions has crashed, the number of children in family placement has shot up and all sorts of things are being done to stop women abandoning babies.

false birth cert?

I recently found out (after going to the DMV) that I had two (2) social security numbers and they don't match up with what my parents put on my birth certificate!!!

I was born ...I thought in XXX-001 state;  the first (1st) soc. sec. number is from XXX-002 state; the second is from XXX-003 state.  Before I was 6 1/2, I resided with my grandparents in XXX-004 state.  complicated, eh? 

The SS numbers are--in NO way--connected with either state XXX-001, nor XXX-004.  I NEVER lived (that I know of) in any other states but these!!! 

My birth cert. was, just yesterday, torn up at the DMV and I'm SO humiliated!!! 

Does anyone have any suggestions for me to find out where, exactly, I was born???

L

The Psychology and Neurobiology of Violence

LLOYD DEMAUSE

This book is based upon the premise that the evolution of amounts of interpersonal violence, terrorism and war is dependent upon the evolution of historical personality types, which I call "psychoclasses." This evolution, in turn, depends upon the historical evolution of childrearing modes, as shown in the charts below. The evidence for the evolution of childrearing has been the subject of seven books and over eighty scholarly articles by myself published during the past four decades, backed up by the findings of over fifty psychohistorical colleagues which I have published in my scholarly journals, The Journal of Psychohistory and The Journal of Psychoanalytic Anthropology.

The evolution of childrearing is an uneven historical process, both within societies and in different areas of the world, so each nation today has all six personality modes — which I term "psychoclasses" — within it, forming its various levels of political behavior from reactionary to progressive. Nevertheless, the evolution of childrearing modes and historical personalities — which I term "psychogenesis" — has improved personalities over the centuries in almost all areas of the globe, reducing the violence produced by abusive and abandoning parenting. This historical evolution of childrearing is reflected in the opening sentence of my 1974 book, The History of Childhood:

How many can relate to this?

Run away if you can; stay calm if you can't. 

If you're in public, try to make as much commotion as possible to alert bystanders or the police.

But once you're in your captor's custody, remain courteous and comply with instructions.

Don't get hostile or lose your temper: Aggression is only likely to result in punishment.

Become a "gray person"—neither resistant nor overly submissive. They are less inclined to single you out for punishment.

Stay alert: If they're transporting you somewhere by car, try to memorize the route.

The History of Child Abuse

The History of Child Abuse

by Lloyd deMause
The Journal of Psychohistory 25 (3) Winter 1998

The following speech was given at the National Parenting Conference in Boulder, Colorado, on September 25, 1997.

The Evolution of Childhood

THE EVOLUTION OF CHILDHOOD

by Lloyd deMause

Do ye hear the children weeping,
Oh my brothers . . .
The Cry of the Children
Elizabeth Barrett Browning

Give us back our children

from: The Daily Mail

by SUE REID - Last updated at 22:19pm on 25th July 2007

Abandoning a baby: a last, desperate resort

By Hanti Otto

Adoption in Ancient Assyria and Babylonia

With the current interest in the history of child placement, I started surfing the internet and stumbled upon this article from the Journal of Assyrian Academic Studies, which mentions adoption dating back to at least the "first half of the second millennium B.C". Here is the introduction of the article. To read the entire article click on the title.

Adoption in Ancient Assyria and Babylonia

Dr. Robert Paulissian

The adoption of children has been practiced throughout the history of mankind with its legal, social, and ethical implications. Presently the number of illegitimate births is skyrocketing in Western societies, and complications associated with adopting and raising these abandoned children has made adoption a social problem in modern society.

Our ancestors in ancient Mesopotamia had the same problem of maintaining these abandoned and orphaned children, though for different reasons than illegitimacy. Poverty, continuous warfare, famine, and disease were the main causes of abandonment and orphanage of infants and children. The ancient Mesopotamians wrote laws and set social customs and traditions to protect the rights and interest of both the adopters and adoptees alike. The adoption agreement was documented and confirmed by witnesses and sealed on tablets.

To a great extent, Assyrians and Babylonians were motivated to adopt for reasons similar to those existing today. Most typically, adoption was intended to provide an heir to a childless couple who had lost the hope of producing their own children. Even though a marriage that failed to produce a male heir could be legally dissolved or a second wife could be taken for the purpose of bearing a son as an heir, adoption of a stranger’s child was a common practice.

Adoption was not inspired solely by the desire to obtain a male heir who would preserve the family name. Another common motivation was the desire of the adoptive parents to have a son who would support them in their old age and perform the religious rites required upon their death. In other instances, a craftsman might adopt a male heir for apprenticeship to assure the continuity of the family business.

nature versus nature (again)

It is an eternal question, especially for the adoptees among us. This Colorado study tries to shed some light:

The State of Knowledge Of Foreign Adoptions

Not that many large scale studies into adoption have been done, with the exception of this Swedish programme perhaps, which lead to the following article:

A summary of the results of key international adoption research projects based in Scandinavia.

By Dr. Monica Dalen, Department of Special Needs Education, Faculty of Education, University of Oslo

Introduction

Foreign Adoptions and Research

The adoption of foreign children started in Scandinavia around 30 years ago, and a total of around 65,000 children have been adopted into these countries. Sweden has the highest number, with 35,000 foreign adoptees. In second place comes Norway, with 15,000 adoptions and then Denmark with 13,000. Finland has the lowest number of foreign adoptees.

Research into international adoptions started at the beginning of the 1970s in those countries that were the first to adopt children from other countries (the USA and Sweden). As adoptions across national boundaries gradually became more and more common, this research work spread to many countries. International, scientific literature on adoption across national and race boundaries is, however, relatively recent and limited in scope compared with research literature on the adoption of children from the same country as the adoptive parents.

Target group and methodic approach

In most of the projects, the researchers have approached the adoptive parents. Only rarely have they started off with the biological parents. This can naturally be explained by the anonymity considerations that characterize all adoption activities. Often, no information is available, and at other times the biological mother will be unknown. This is particularly pronounced when it comes to foreign adoptions. The biological origins of many foreign adoptees are also unknown. It would undeniably be interesting to gain a closer insight into the circumstances that lead to children being put up for adoption and perhaps particularly into the biological mother’s thoughts, not only when she decides about the adoption but also later on in life.

Economy of Child Trade

When reading this article one part really struck me:

The abduction and sale of children, as part of the broader phenomenon of the abduction and sale of people, has a long history in Russia. It is dealt with in legal codes such as the "Russkaya Pravda" (11th-12th centuries) and the "Sudnye gramoty" of Novgorod and Pskov (15th century). As the victims were already serfs or slaves, it was considered an offence not against them but against their rightful owners.

Here follows the entire article, digging even deeper and further away into the history of child trade.

The Evolution of Childrearing

by Lloyd deMause

"Who would not shudder if he were given the choice of eternal death or life again as a child? Who would not choose to die?"

----St. Augustine

Maternity Homes, and their special services

If child child migration and orphan trains weren't enough, profit through new-placement got cloaked under a new scheme in the family-making business machine:  Maternity Homes.

The 5 Friends All Moms Need

By Charlotte Latvala

http://lifestyle.msn.com/familyandparenting/babyandpregnancy/articleab.aspx?cp-documentid=5138716&gt1=1028

As a mom of three, I honestly don't think I could have made it through the long nights, never-ending diapers, and countless trips to the pediatrician's office without the pals I've met along the way. Here are the mom friends I couldn't live without -- and why you need them too.

The First 12 Months

The Role Model

This is the absolute first mom friend you need -- a buddy with some mothering miles under her belt. Her kids are a few years older than yours, so she's the go-to person for questions about teething, getting rid of the pacifier, or finding a reliable sitter. My sister-in-law Janet turned out to be my mommy mentor. A full five years older than me, she was already the mother of three by the time I had my first baby. I looked to her for guidance and reassurance -- and thankfully, she found no question too idiotic: Will the weird infant acne go away on its own? What exactly should an umbilical stump look like? Does a baby have to wear a T-shirt under every outfit? I knew I could call her at 2 a.m. with a screaming infant on my shoulder -- and she would calm me down and promise me that motherhood would get better.

Expecting a new-addition? What parenthood does to the body and brain.

Given the popularity of adoption, and single-sex relationships, I'm surprised the following focuses only on The Father.  After all, not all babies are born into traditional family homes, roles and units.  When baby-makes-three, new problems, troubles and concerns arrise and arrive.  How many adults are mentally prepared for parenthood?  How many grow-ups are mature enough to adapt to the constantly changing demands and needs of another human being?  How many parents relate to the phrase:  "I ought to have my head examined!"

The following article probes the parental brain and asks, "how does stress affect the expectant parent?" 

Falsified Birth Certificates-Data and Samples

Originally Researched & Compiled by Kate Workman...with Additions/Corrections & Documents provided by PeopleFinderNow.com team

from: peoplefindernow
January 1, 2007

It's a fact that ALL states allow falsification of birth certificates - they are all guilty of changing the true birth information, issuing an amended birth certificate, and sealing the original... usually 'forever'. However, some states go even a step further, according to reunited triadians:

Adoption: It's not what it used to be

http://www.pregnancyoutreach.org/AdoptionNotWhatItUsedToBe.htm

From the beginning of the 20th century through the 1950's and 1960's, unwed pregnancy was considered extremely shameful. Although a thin cloud of shame remains, the sexual revolution of the 60's changed forever the way families dealt with unwed pregnancy.

In the first half of the century, it was common for pregnant girls to be "sent away" to maternity homes or to a distant family member's home to have their baby in secret. Someone made arrangements for the baby to be adopted. After the birth, the child was whisked away from the birthmother. She often did not even know if she had given birth to a boy or a girl. The adoption worker told her it was best if she knew nothing of the baby. She was told to forget about the whole experience and get on with her life.

The issue of shame drove the train of secrecy. It was shameful for a woman to pregnant out of wedlock. The thought followed that a child born out of wedlock must therefore come from "bad blood." Professionals involved in adoption advised birthparents and adoptive parents that it was best for adoption to remain secret.

The adopted baby grew up in his adopted home. Adoption workers told the families to move on with their lives as if the child was born biologically to them. Sometimes the child was never told he was adopted. The children who were not told of their adoption at an early age, usually found out later when a friend or relative accidentally let "the cat out of the bag."

Catholic Charity?

Looks like Catholic Charities might have to reconsider it's Adoption Options, if they want to pay off their debt to some American children.  According to new reports, a landmark $660 million settlement has been negotiated between the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Los Angeles and more than 500 alleged victims of clergy abuse. (LA church settlement goes to courtroom)

The formal statement made by the LA Archdiocese starts with the following: 

Special-needs foster family disintegrates

Helping 1 child wasn't enough, but how many are too many?
By Josh Brodesky
ARIZONA DAILY STAR

Tucson, Arizona | Published: 07.15.2007

Karin and Larry Wilson took in the children others didn't want.

They adopted or were foster parents to 26 severely disabled special-needs kids over the years, caring for as many as 19 children at one time.

Operation Baby Lift: the next generation

http://www.pbs.org/itvs/preciouscargo/babylift.html

The end of the Vietnam War precipitated increased adoptions of Vietnamese children by American families. In April 1975, two years after the Americans signed a cease-fire accord with Vietnam, North Vietnamese troops spread through the South. The war's end caused hundreds of thousands of citizens to flee the country, fearing for their lives.

From Prison to Home: The Effect of Incarceration and Reentry on Children, Families, and Communities

 The Psychological Impact of Incarceration:  Implications for Post-Prison Adjustment

Craig Haney
University of California, Santa Cruz

December 2001

http://aspe.hhs.gov/HSP/prison2home02/Haney.htm

Perhaps the most dramatic changes have come about as a result of the unprecedented increases in rate of incarceration, the size of the U.S. prison population, and the widespread overcrowding that has occurred as a result. Over the past 25 years, penologists repeatedly have described U.S. prisons as "in crisis" and have characterized each new level of overcrowding as "unprecedented." By the start of the 1990s, the United States incarcerated more persons per capita than any other nation in the modern world, and it has retained that dubious distinction for nearly every year since. The international disparities are most striking when the U.S. incarceration rate is contrasted to those of other nations to whom the United States is often compared, such as Japan, Netherlands, Australia, and the United Kingdom. In the 1990s, as Marc Mauer and the Sentencing Project have effectively documented - the U.S. rates have consistently been between four and eight times those for these other nations.(3)

Being transferred to a new home?

Basic Survival Techniques for Incarceration

http://www.geocities.com/CapitolHill/Congress/6425/survival.html

Above all, you must realize that you'll be a prisoner like all the others, reduced to just a number, and no better than an illiterate Cuban whore or white trailer trash.

Never, EVER become involved in gambling.  It's a death trap, as sure as walking into an aryan fest with name badge that says zog.

NEVER involve yourslef with punks.  Do not have sex with punks, do not associate with those who have sex with punks, etc.  Many an inmate has been killed by a jealous boyfriend.  This may not seem like the shiny happy egalitarian thing to do, but believe me, neither is dying.

NEVER invoke debts you cannot repay.  It is best not to invoke any debts period.  When you first enter any institution, you will be approaced with 241 offers.  Meaning that the person will front you 1 item (pack of cigs,  commisary food, whatever) but you will have to repay them two.  This is a classic trap for unexperienced inmates.  If you smoke, quit.  If you want items from the commisary, etc. wait until you have money on your books, or your in a position with your prison job that you can run your own hustle, and have items to barter with.  The basic rule, is to NEVER take ANYTHING on credit.  This will get you killed or seriously injured or TURNED OUT and pimped to pay your bill real fast.

NEVER use drugs in prison, of any type.  I will make an exception for Marijuana, because it's not addictive, but again, ONLY smoke it if you can pay for it.  Take NOTHING ON CREDIT.

NEVER collaborate with the hacks against a fellow inmate, and NEVER give any information up about another inmate.

 If you are arrogant to other prisoners, you'll alienate them and create many enemies. This could prove fatal.

Always be respectful and polite to other prisoners, regardless of how weird they may act or dress. First, because you don't know who or what they are, and second, because respect and personal dignity are the most valued possessions left to a prisoner.

Never tell another prisoner what to do or give anyone orders. Don't tell the noisy ones in the law library to be quiet. Prisoners deeply resent being bossed around by another prisoner. Their likely reponse -- even to a polite request -- is, "What are you, a fuckin' cop?"

Never stare at another prisoner for more than a second or two. He may be a walking powder keg, set off by an intrusive stare.  He may either assault you on the spot or wait until darkness. Even if he doesn't kill you outright, your face will never look the same again.

Avoid anyone offering to "take you under their wing" or help you out.  Generally, they are booty bandits, or Jailhouse pimps running a well thought out and practiced game against you.
 

Study: Troubled homes better than foster care

By Wendy Koch, USA TODAY

http://www.usatoday.com/news/nation/2007-07-02-foster-study_N.htm

Children whose families are investigated for abuse or neglect are likely to do better in life if they stay with their families than if they go into foster care, according to a pioneering study.

The findings intensify a vigorous debate in child welfare: whether children are better served with their families or away from them.

RELATED:

Record numbers of foster kids leave program as adults

Kids who stayed with their families were less likely to become juvenile delinquents or teen mothers and more likely to hold jobs as young adults, says the study by Joseph Doyle, an economics professor at MIT's Sloan School of Management who studies social policy.

"The size of the effects surprised me, because all the children come from tough families," Doyle says. The National Science Foundation funded the study.  [Does "tough", and "troubled" mean "dysfunctional"?]

Doyle says his research, which tracked at least 15,000 kids from 1990 to 2002, is the largest study to look at the effects of foster care. He studied kids in Illinois because of a database there that links abuse investigations to other government records.

To avoid results attributable to family background, he screened out extreme cases of abuse or neglect and studied kids whose cases could have gone either way.

Studies, including those by Mark Courtney while at the University of Chicago's Chapin Hall Center for Children, show that the 500,000 children in U.S. foster care are more likely than other kids to drop out of school, commit crimes, abuse drugs and become teen parents.

His research has shown that this holds true even when foster kids are compared with other disadvantaged youth.

MORE:

Number of single men adopting foster kids doubles

Doyle's study, however, provides "the first viable, empirical evidence" of the benefits of keeping kids with their families, says Gary Stangler, executive director of the Jim Casey Youth Opportunities Initiative, a foundation for foster teens. Stangler says it looked at kids over a longer period of time than had other studies.

"It confirms what experience and observation tell us: Kids who can remain in their homes do better than in foster care," says Stangler. He says some kids, for their own safety, need to be removed from their families, but in marginal cases of abuse, more should be done to keep them together.

Smaller studies have found kids from abusive families do better in foster care. "There are high rates of re-abuse" for those reunited with parents, says Heather Taussig, a pediatrics professor at the University of Colorado School of Medicine.

Taussig co-authored a study in 2001 that found kids reunited with families after a brief stay in foster care were more likely to abuse drugs, get arrested, drop out of school and have lower grades than those who stayed in foster care. She followed 149 youths in San Diego over a 6-year period.

Taussig says case workers shouldn't assume that keeping kids with relatives is better. "We need more research," she says.

Doyle says foster care remains a needed safety net for some kids but he agrees that it merits further study.

"The Stolen Generation"

http://www.aph.gov.au/library/intguide/SP/Stolen.htm

Coral Dow, Analysis and Policy
Social Policy Section

In the early 1990s a campaign by key Indigenous agencies - including the Secretariat of National Aboriginal and Islander Child Care, the NSW organisation Link-Up, and a large 'Going Home Conference' in Darwin in 1994 - presented their concerns that public ignorance of the history of forcible removal of Aboriginal children was hindering the recognition of the needs of its victims, their families and the provision of services.

In May 1995 the National Inquiry into the Separation of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Children from Their Families was established by the former Attorney-General, the Hon. Michael Lavarch, who announced the terms of reference.  The Inquiry was asked to:

  • examine the past and continuing effects of separation of individuals, families and communities
  • identify what should be done in response, which could entail recommendations to change laws, policies and practices, to re-unite families and otherwise deal with losses caused by separation
  • find justification for, and nature of, any compensation for those affected by separation and
  • look at current laws, policies and practices affecting the placement and care of Indigenous children.

Hearings were held in every capital city and many regional centres between December 1995 and October 1996. The Inquiry received 777 submissions, including 535 from Indigenous individuals and organisations, 49 from church organisations and seven from government.

Adoption Scammer Gets 18 Months in Jail

Seattle Woman Took Babies From Poor Cambodians, Told Americans They Were Orphans

Nov. 19, 2004 --

In Seattle today, a woman was sentenced to 18 months in prison for running an international adoption scam.

Lauren Galindo, 53, provided approximately 700 Cambodian children to American couples for adoption. The only problem is that some of the children were not orphans; many of them had been virtually stolen from their parents.

Galindo pleaded guilty in federal court to conspiracy to commit visa fraud and to launder money.

U.S. Immigrations and Customs Enforcement agent Leigh Winchell said, "This is profiteering in the adoption process in the grossest sense. This is people making a dollar at the expense of the innocents around the world."

Where did they go?

According to the US Department of States, Bureau of Consular Affairs the following number of children where adopted by the United States of America from Guatemala:

2000 1518
2001 1609
2002 2419
2003 2328
2004 3264
2005 3783
2006 4135

According to Guatemalan authorities as they published their figures to the Hague Conference on Private International Law, the following number of children were sent to the USA for adoption:

2000 1612
2001 1829
2002 2548
2003 1823
2004 3572
2005 no figures
2006 no figures

With the exception of 2003 all years show Guatemale saying they are exporting more children to the USA than the USA says they import.

Altogether there are 247 children missing from these figures.

Where did they go?

Adoptees gain rights in Maine

By Chris Outcalt
July 12, 2007 6:00 AM

Maine Gov. John Baldacci signed a bill last week that allows adult adoptees to obtain their birth certificates for the first time since those records were closed in 1953.

South Berwick resident Bobbi Beavers, a proponent of the law, said she was somewhat surprised it passed the Legislature because the same bill was met with such intense opposition last year.

"We're absolutely thrilled," said Beavers, the birth parent of an adopted child and the Maine representative of the national American Adoption Congress.

Camp Daze

'Tis the season to prepare for summer-camp programs.  <groan>
 
My mother used to send me to a camp sponsored by the Salvation Army.  [I was a "Sunbeam"].  My brother was never sent to any camp-program, but I was.  I hated it.  It felt like I was being shipped-out, so they could be A Family without me.  I'm sure my mother thought I would enjoy being with a bunch of girls my own age, and away from my brother, but in my mind, I was being pushed out and away.  I hated camp, and I hated how my brother  - their natural son - got to stay home.  When I think of "camp", I think sad lonely thoughts of wanting to go home, and not being wanted by the people who called themselves Family.
 
While it's true I may not have been sent away more than twice, (two years in a row), I do remember crying each time, each day I was away from my mommy.  I remember there being a policy of "no calling home", but I must have been in a real state of hysteria because I remember being allowed to make one phone-call to my parents.  I remember begging and crying to go home... and being told I had to stay.  I hated being at camp, and I hated not being taken home right away.  I hated that my parents weren't willing to stop whatever it was that they were doing, just so they could rush to find and hold me.  They never came back to get me.  They left me among strangers, and I was told to make the best of it.  I tried my best, but I was miserable and sad, and no one seemed to care how lost I felt.  The way I saw it, my parents were content with my being away, and "toughing it out", so they didn't rescue me when I needed rescuing.

Child migrants

http://www.aph.gov.au/library/intguide/sp/childmigrantuk.htm

Child Migrants from the United Kingdom

E-Brief: Online Only issued October 2001
David Watt, Information/E-links
Coral Dow
, Information/E-links
Social Policy Group

Background to the scheme

Between 1922 and 1967 about 150 000 children with an average age of eight years and nine months were shipped from Great Britain to help populate the British Dominions of Canada, Rhodesia, New Zealand and Australia with 'good white stock'. Estimates of the number of children sent to Australia vary from 5 000 to 10 000, most of whom were sent to charitable and religious institutions. The Australian Government welcomed the scheme and encouraged non-government organisations such as Barnados and Fairbridge to continue settling child migrants who were regarded as adaptable with long working lives. However many child migrants later claimed that they were ill-treated in the institutions to which they were sent.

Child migrants are represented in Britain and Australia by a number of organisations. The most prominent is the Child Migrants Trust which was established in 1987 to assist child migrants seeking family reunions. Child migrants and the Child Migrants Trust have lobbied for compensation and an apology from governments.

Other bodies which offer assistance are the Child Migrant Friendship Society, and in Perth, the Christian Brothers' Ex-Residents Services (C-BERS Services) and the Catholic Migrant Centre.

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