Bill to promote domestic institution of child adoptions submitted to State Duma

February 26, 2013 / interfax

A bill entitled "On amending certain legislative acts of the Russian Federation that regulate adoptions of orphaned children and children left without parental care" was submitted by the government to the State Duma, the lower chamber of parliament, on Tuesday.

The bill says the cabinet-proposed measures are aimed at promoting the institution of child adoptions inside the country.

The bill increases the size of a lump-sum allowance to be paid to individuals adopting a disabled child, a child older than 7, or siblings to 100,000 rubles per each such child. If the bill is enacted, this regulation would apply to all adoptions that have taken place since January 1, 2013.

The bill also invalidates the regulation that there should be a certain difference in age between an unmarried adoptive parent and the child being adopted, stipulating that a court would be entitled to make decisions on this matter in each particular case.

 

Under the bill, individuals who already had or have children under their guardianship or in their custody would not have to submit documents to a court on having undergone a special training course for individuals wishing to adopt an orphaned child.

The bill reduces the timeframe within which an appeal can be filed against a court ruling on adoption to 10 days from one month.

The bill adjusts the powers of guardianship and custody authorities in providing assistance to guardians and custodians, including in exercising and protecting the rights of children under their guardianship or in their custody and in receiving social, medical, psychological and pedagogical assistance.

The bill increases the time for which a child is to be placed under preliminary guardianship or in custody to six months and stipulates that this time can be extended to eight months (currently, this time is one month and two months).

Adoptive parents would not have to provide guardianship and custody authorities with documents confirming expenditures for food, living essentials and other small everyday necessities of an adopted child, which they are supposed to do now.

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An interesting P.S.

In other news, Putin admitted there is a major down-fall that exists in Russia (and the USA, btw...)

“The government has already made a number of decisions[related to Russian adoptions], but certain acute problems remain unsolved. We need to remove all barriers that stand in the way of citizens who want to accept an orphan into their family,” Putin said at a session of the Council for the Implementation of Priority National Projects and Demographic Policy.

He added that Russia lacked federal-level guidelines to streamline the adoption process.

“I instruct the government to solve all those issues in the shortest time possible,” Putin said.

[From:  Putin Urges to Remove All Child Adoption Hurdles, February 26, 2013]

Ah yes... if only the USA would follow this example and assert a Central Authority to oversee ALL adoptions within its borders!

Hopefully the improvements work

Hopefully the improvements work, and the issue of housing is resolved.

http://realty.newsru.com/article/16Apr2009/otkaz

In Russia, more and more children are adopted in order to solve the housing problems
April 16, 2009
Publication date: 10:24

Increasingly become foster parents to take orphans from orphanages with one goal - to get an apartment or a mortgage. Adoptive parents know if that unnecessary live "burden" is always possible to return to the orphanage, write "New news" .
Told the Ombudsman for Children in Moscow Alexei Golovan, cases of non-adopted children are not uncommon. According to statistics, last year, in the capital in foster care was given to 410 children, and returned back to the orphanage 11, but the data are not to be taken literally. "In the first year, as a rule, such failures are rare, mostly it happens in 3-5 years" - says Golovan.

The event, which took place about two weeks ago in Kaliningrad, shook the entire country. The family has adopted a two-year toddler to get a mortgage. Foster care, Makara (a name given the child in an orphanage) already own a newborn baby, but it was not a permanent job, or your home. Upon adoption of the Kaliningrad region allocate 300 thousand rubles for the purchase of housing for the child. This and decided to use the pseudo-parents, hoping to use the funds for a mortgage. It seemed that the plan was perfect. Over time, potential adopters visited Makara, called the son. Once all the documents have been issued, the family applied for a mortgage, but at the last moment, the bank decided to refuse.

Without thinking twice, "loving" parents brought the baby back to the orphanage. Frustrated Mom and Dad in one voice asserted that knew that Makar was born to an HIV-positive woman. Took place in this case the Court found in the actions of selfish intent foster parents Makara, but the child returned to the orphanage. In foster care boy lived only two months.

Revocation, as well as the adoption itself is set in the court. It may cancel, when parents abused the child, or they have an alcohol, drug abuse or mental illness. Parents may opt out of the child due to lack of understanding in the family. Often foster children are returned to shelters, when it turns out the presence of an illness, which was not known before.

When a child is adopted parents paid a one-time grant. The sum of its small, but if the orphans take and return over and over again, it can be a means of livelihood. According to experts, for the benefit of foster children often take in the outback.
"In the capital and other major cities, the question is not relevant, - assured the director of the foundation of orphans" Here and Now "Tatiana Tulchinsky. - Payments for foster children so small that rely on them as an additional source of income in Moscow is just silly . But in rural areas the situation is different. Recently, people often do not agree to the adoption, and on the wing. In this case, the parents monthly lists some funds from the state budget, which in times of crisis, unemployment and wage cuts in some regions than the salary itself. the child welfare authorities are turning a blind eye to it, because in these circumstances even elementary care for orphans simply no one. "

The main reason for consumer attitude towards orphans in our country experts see flaws in the legislation. "We have no rules of the host family, - said chairman of the board," The right of the child "Boris Altshuler. - The guardianship authorities need only ensure the transfer of the child to the family, but to help solve any problems, participate in psychological adjustment and baby parents to the new conditions, they do not have to. "
In the near future the State Duma is going to pass a bill, under which benefits will receive foster children themselves, rather than their guardians. Latter will be able to manage the resources of the child with the consent of the guardianship, which will be obliged to consider each case individually. According to officials, this step will help to protect adopted children from negligent guardians who want to spend money on children's own needs.
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first family support is still lagging

Boris Altshuler and his group are fighting the good fight for families, they really are. He takes every opportunity to point out that the orphan problem won't be solved in Russia until it adresses the problems of the family--including substance abuse. This is a lot harder than pumping up subsidies which create a revolving door effect; more institutionalized kids go to foster/adoptive families, and then are rotated right back into state custody. Anyone who's interested, please take a look at their website: http://pravorebenka.narod.ru/eng/index.htm

September '13 will be one year since mandatory AP education has been in place, and it will be interesting to see what the effects have been.

Hopefully the improvements work-2

Somehow I neglected to mention the above article was a google translation of the original.
I am trying to post the Russian, but keep getting ?????? this time

Putin is not talking about more protections for children

Unfortunately, what I think Vladimir Vladimirovich is talking about is the opposite of what most concerns you, Kerry (I assume). Putin wants Federal officials to mobilize the regions to get kids out of the orphanages and into families, any families, stat, like yesterday. It's a national pride thing--it's shameful for Russia and incongruent with the image the political leadership wants to promoteto have so many institutionalized kids.

There's little awareness at the top of the pitfalls of rapid and un-supported placements, and even less consciousness of the facts you've brought to light in the items you posted recently on the U.S. foster system, D.C. if I remember correctly--that kids do much, much better if they can stay in their first families, with support.

So what seems to be happening here is, at least on the level of pronouncements, the desire to move as rapidly as possible to a U.S.-style system of foster famies taking the place of state institutions, but without same efforts to preserve birth parent rights. Honestly I don't know if it's possible here. Would it be an improvement over what they have now? Maybe.

hmm.

So what seems to be happening here is, at least on the level of pronouncements, the desire to move as rapidly as possible to a U.S.-style system of foster famies taking the place of state institutions, but without same efforts to preserve birth parent rights.

Hmm.  Reads a lot like the UK care-system run by UK's own Martin Narey    

When you raise the question about abuse in foster homes, then add the anger and alienation a child put in-care can feel due to multiple placements, (not to mention how subsidy payments can bring out some of the worst reasons to foster/adopt), one really should wonder which care-system works better or worse for children put in-care.

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